Project Title:What are the seasonal controls on stream-riparian groundwater exchange during baseflow recession in headwater catchments?
Project Duration: 15-Jul-2009 - 30-Jun-2013
Michael Gooseff (Civil Engineeing, Penn State)
Kamini Singha (Geosciences, Penn State; now at Colorado School of Mines)
Overview: There has been growing interest in the roles that hyporheic zones and riparian zones play in catchment-scale budgets of nutrients, heat, and energy. Because streams are intimately connected to hyporheic and riparian zones, these biogeochemical “hot spots”, or zones of enhanced biogeochemical cycling, directly influence water quality of streams. Significant research has been conducted on the biogeochemical and hydrologic functions of both hyporheic and riparian zones, though often in isolation from each other. In this proposal, we seek to determine how dynamic valley-bottom (riparian) hydrology is controlled by valley morphology and gradient, and how this in turn influences hyporheic exchange throughout summer baseflow recession in headwater catchments.
We pose the following research questions:
1) How do the relative magnitudes of down-valley and cross-valley vectors of riparian subsurface flow change throughout seasonal baseflow recession?
2) How are these changes controlled by valley-scale morphology and gradient?
3) How spatially consistent (at the reach scale) are the patterns of down-valley and cross-valley vectors of flow?
4) In response to seasonal changes in relative magnitudes of down-valley and cross-valley flow vectors, how does the extent of hyporheic exchange change during seasonal baseflow recession?
We will address these questions by combining field methods (water table measurements, stream tracer experiments, electrical resistivity surveys), groundwater flow and transport modeling, stream solute transport modeling, and integrated analyses of tracer data and geophysical surveys of stream tracer distribution in the subsurface.
Experimental Forest, Oregon.
Jul 2012 - Congratulations to Katy Gerecht for passing her MS thesis defense!
Jun 2011 - Congratulations to Adam Ward for passing his PhD defense!
May 2011 - Congratulations to Tom Voltz for passing his MS thesis defense!
Apr 2011 - we have begun monitoring riparian water levels at a new field site in the old lake bed of Lake Perez, PA, adjacent to the Shaver's Creek Envrionmental Center.
Dec 2010 - 6 presentations at the fall AGU meeting in San Francisco, CA with results from our field work this past summer.
Summer 2010 - field work in the HJ Andrews Experimental forest
15 May 2010 - congratulations to Adam Ward who won Outstanding Student Presentation Award at the 2009 Fall AGU meeting
15 May 2010 - our field season at the HJ Andrews Experimental Forest begins
15 Mar 2010 - new paper published in Hydrological Processes [link]
01 Aug 2009 - Congratulations to Adam Ward for winning the 'best presentation on methodology' at the annual NABS meeting!
Expected differences in patterns of cross-valley (CV) and down-valley (DV) flow vectors (q) in narrow, steep valleys and wide, gradually sloped valleys.
from this project:
(* indicates student lead author; title links are to abstracts, [poster] links are to .pdf versions of posters)
1. *Ward, A, M Gooseff, and K Singha. 2010. Imaging hyporheic zone solute transport using electircal resistivity. Hydrological Processes, 24(7): 948-953.
2. *Hagarty, J, A Ward, K Singha, and MN Gooseff. 2010. Electrical resistivity imaging to explore solute transport in a stream system, Proceedings of the Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems, April 11-15, 2010, Keystone, CO, Proceedings, 807-814, doi:10.4133/1.3445521.
3. *Ward, AS, MN Gooseff, and K Singha. 2010. Characterizing hyporheic transport processes - Interpretation of electrical geophysical data in coupled stream-hyporheic zone systems during solute tracer studies. Advances in Water Resources, 33(11): 1320-1330.
4. Bencala, KE, MN Gooseff, and BA Kimball. 2011. Rethinking hyporheic flow and transient storage to advance understanding of stream-catchment connections. Water Resources Research, 47, W00H03, doi:10.1029/2010WR010066.
5. *Ward, AS, M Fitzgerald, MN Gooseff, TJ Voltz, AM Binley, and K Singha. 2012. Hydrologic and geomorphic controls on hyporheic exchange during base flow recession in a headwater mountain stream. Water Resources Research, 48, W04513, doi:10.1029/2011WR011461.
6. Hester, E, and MN Gooseff. 2011. Hyporheic restoration in streams and rivers, in Stream Restoration in Dynamic Fluvial Systems: Scientific Approaches, Analyses, and Tools, edited by A Simon, S Bennett, and J Castro. AGU Geophysical Monograph, v.194, American Geophysical Union, Washington DC.
7. *Ward, AS, MN Gooseff, and PA Johnson. 2011. How can subsurface modifications to hydraulic conductivity be designed as stream restoration structures? Analysis of Vaux's conceptual models to enhance hyporheic exchange. Water Resources Research, 47, W08512, doi:10.1029/2010WR010028.
8. *Ward, AS, MN Gooseff, and K Singha. 2013. How does subsurface characterization affect simulations of hyporheic exchange? Ground Water, 51(1): 14-28.
9. Ward, A. S., M. N. Gooseff, T. J. Voltz, M. Fitzgerald, K. Singha, and J. P. Zarnetske (in revision), How does short-term and long-term storage change during storm events in a headwater mountain stream? Water Resources Research
10. Ward, A. S., R. A. Payn, M. N. Gooseff, B. L. McGlynn, K. E. Bencala, C. A. Kelleher, S. M. Wondzell, and T. Wagener (in revision), Short- and long-term storage are not organized by discharge along a headwater mountain stream. Water Resources Research
11. Voltz, T. J., M. N. Gooseff, A. S. Ward, K. Singha, M. Fitzgerald, and T. Wagener (in review), Riparian hydraulic gradient and stream-groundwater exchange dynamics in steep headwater valleys, Journal of Geophysical Research.
(* indicates student lead author; I indicates invited presentation; title links are to abstracts, [poster] links are to .pdf versions of posters)
1. *Ward, AS, K Singha, MN Gooseff. 2009. Characterization of hyporheic solute transport during tracer tests using electrical geophysics. North American Benthological Society Annual Meeting, Grand Rapids, MI.
2. * Ward, AS, MN Gooseff, and K Singha. 2009. Imaging hyporheic zone solute transport using electrical resistivity. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA (H43C-1039).
3. *Ward, AS, MN Gooseff, MP Miller, EW Boyer, and CP Ferreri. 2010. Hyporheic response to streambed clogging: A field and numerical study. (Abstract ID:6919) Joint meeting of the North American Benthological Society and the American Society of Limnology & Oceanography, Santa Fe, New Mexico.
4. IGooseff, MN, RA Payn, MA Briggs, BL McGlynn, KE Bencala, SM Wondzell, and R Haggerty. 2010. Methods, applications, and limits of assessing residence time distributions of solutes in streams (Abstract ID:6298) Joint meeting of the North American Benthological Society and the American Society of Limnology & Oceanography, Santa Fe, New Mexico.
5. Bencala, KE, BA Kimball, and MN Gooseff. 2010. Challenges in thinking from transient storage and hyporheic flow to stream-catchment connections. (Abstract ID:6234) Joint meeting of the North American Benthological Society and the American Society of Limnology & Oceanography, Santa Fe, New Mexico.
6. Fitzgerald, M, AS Ward, TJ Voltz, MN Gooseff, and K Singha. 2010. Does electrical resistivity imaging mesh with solute transport data obtained from tracer studies in hyporheic zones? American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA (H11E-0853).
7. *IWard, AS, M Fitzgerald, TJ Voltz, MN Gooseff and K Singha. 2010. Geophysical imaging to inform hyporheic flow and solute transport dynamics in 2- and 3-dimensions. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA (H21K-03).
8. *Voltlz, TJ, AS Ward, M Fitzgerald, MN Gooseff, K Singha, and T Wagener. 2010. How do relative magnitudes of down- and cross-valley hydraulic gradients vary with flow dynamics? Analysis over daily, storm, and seasonal baseflow recession timescales. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA (H31J-03).
9. *Ward, AS, TJ Voltz, MN Gooseff, M Fitzgerald, and K Singha. 2010. How do storm dynamics change solute transport and transient storage in headwater streams? American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA (H31J-04).
10. IGooseff, MN, KE Bencala, WB Bowden, BL McGlynn, RA Payn, K Singha, AS Ward, A Wlostowski, WM Wollheim. 2010. Context Conundrums: Observations and conceptual models are primary controls on interpretations of temporal and spatial scales of stream-groundwater interactions. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA (H33J-01).
11. *Taptich, MN, and MN Gooseff. 2010. Should the Clean Water Act follow stream water underground? Managing beyond the stream banks. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA (H24C-01).
12. IWard, AS, MN Gooseff, and K Singha. 2012. Time series analysis of geophysical images to quantify subsurface transport of solute plumes. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting (H53B-1526).
13. IGooseff, MN, MN Taptich, AN Wlostowski, K Gerecht, RA Payn, AS Ward, WB Bowden, M Fitzgerald, BL McGlynn, K Singha, and WM Wollheim. 2012. Connecting Streams to Watersheds Through Stream–Groundwater Exchange as Determined from the Channel. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting (PA53A-2077).
This project is funded through the National Science Foundation's Hydrologic Sciences program.
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under grant no. 0911435. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation